At a Glance
Groundwater is a critical supply for irrigated agriculture in the U.S. and around the world; however, the challenges associated with managing a resource that cannot be seen have resulted in inefficient, and often unsustainable, usage. Declining groundwater levels increase the energy demand for pumping and threaten the stability of the food-production systems they support. Still, groundwater is routinely oversimplified in agricultural food, energy and water (FEW) systems analysis. This leaves current approaches blind to the synergies that can be realized when groundwater extraction, crop choices and energy demand are managed in an integrated framework. This research seeks to address scientific gaps in groundwater observations and integrated modeling, and develop the next-generation tools needed to fully incorporate groundwater into FEW systems analysis.